The 10 most important hygiene tips
We encounter a variety of pathogens such as viruses and bacteria in everyday life. Simple hygiene measures help protect yourself and others from infectious diseases.
1. Wash hands regularly
- When you come home
- before and during food preparation
- before meals
- after visiting the toilet
- after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
- before and after contact with the sick
- after contact with animals
2. Wash hands thoroughly
- Hold hands under running water
- Rub hands on all sides with soap
- leave 20 to 30 seconds
- Wash hands under running water
- dry with a clean cloth
3. Keep your hands away from your face
Avoid touching your mouth, eyes, or nose with unwashed hands.
4. Cough and sneeze properly
It is best to cough and sneeze in a handkerchief or hold the crook of your arm in front of your mouth and nose. Keep your distance from other people and turn away.
5. Keep your distance in case of illness
Cure yourself at home. Avoid close body contact. If there is a high risk of infection for others, it may make sense to stay in a separate room or use a separate toilet. Do not use personal items such as towels or drinking glasses together.
6. Protect wounds
Cover injuries and wounds with a bandage or bandage.
7. Make sure your home is clean
Clean the bathroom and kitchen in particular with regular household cleaners. Allow cleaning rags to dry well after use and replace them frequently.
8. Treat food hygienically
Always keep sensitive foods well refrigerated. Avoid contact of raw animal products with raw food. Heat meat to at least 70 ° C. Wash raw vegetables and fruits thoroughly before eating.
9. Wash dishes and laundry hot
Clean kitchen utensils with warm water and detergent or in the machine at at least 60 °C. Wash dishcloths and cleaning cloths as well as towels, bed linen and underwear at at least 60 °C.
10. Air regularly
Ventilate closed rooms several times a day for a few minutes with the windows wide open.
Source: Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA), http://www.infektionsschutz.de
Pictograms of hygiene tips: Federal Center for Health Education, infektionsschutz.de, http://www.infektionsschutz.de/mediathek/infografiken 03/27/2020, CC BY-NC-ND